The Akwesasne Mohawk Police Service was formed in 1970. The St. Regis Band Council passed a Resolution forming the St. Regis Akwesasne Police. The police headquarters was located in the village of St. Regis, Quebec.
The St. Regis Police started with a compliment of approximately 12 officers in 1970-1971. The formation of the St. Regis Police was created to provide policing needs for the community and to replace the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP).
In April of 1972 the first Chief of Police was appointed for St. Regis Police. 12 officers along with 4 RCMP officers started working jointly in the Community of Akwesasne. The officers were appointed as peace officers within the Territory of Akwesasne by the RCMP. This enabled the officers the ability to enforce Band Council By-laws and any Criminal Code offences. The major community offences in the 1970’s included Mischief, Assault, Break and Enter, family problems, Harassment, Public Intoxication, Speeding, and Unwanted Person, etc.
In 1973 the Ontario Provincial Police (O.P.P.) accepted the Akwesasne Police officers into their training facility in Toronto, Ontario. The Akwesasne Police Officers must attend the Ontario Police College and successfully pass the 12 week Policing program.
In 1980 the St. Regis Police had a compliment of 12 officers, and became part of the First Nations Policing Program with the Ontario provincial Police.
In 1986 the Mohawk Council of Akwesasne (formerly the St. Regis Band Council) renamed the St. Regis Police to the Akwesasne Mohawk Police Service.The Akwesasne Mohawk Police Service provides policing Services to approximately 15,000 residences in the Territory of Akwesasne. The Akwesasne Mohawk Police Service enforce offenses in Ontario and Quebec, these offenses include, Criminal Code offenses, By-Laws, highway Traffic offenses, Quebec highway Safety Code Offenses.
In 1991 the Akwesasne Mohawk Police Service became a standalone Police Service. The Akwesasne Mohawk Police Service continues to have very good relationships with all outside policing agencies.
In 2016, the Akwesasne Mohawk Police Service have a compliment of 31 officers, including a Joint Investigative Unit.